Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016 - African Business Magazine
Close
Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response – October to December 2016

Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response – October to December 2016

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.

I. HUMANITARIAN TRENDS: JULY – SEPTEMBER 2016

While violent incidents decreased in the last quarter during the rainy season (in keeping with the seasonal nature of protracted crises in the region), conflict continued to pose a significant threat to the safety and security of civilians across the region. In Sudan reduced levels of ground fighting and aerial bombardment were reportedly conducted in the central area of Darfur and in the southern states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile – the ‘Two Areas’. In Somalia, while the number of fatalities from conflict reduced in Q3 as compared to Q2, Al Shabaab continued to perpetrate attacks in many parts of the country, as well as against the international presence, with a greater frequency of major attacks in Mogadishu as the country moves closer to elections. Violence in Burundi also dropped significantly in the second quarter of the year, but high tensions and a stalled peace process continued alongside a pattern of large-scale human rights violations. However, in South Sudan, clashes in various locations across the country, including heavy fighting in Wau in June, Juba in July, and hot spots across the Equatorias from July onwards, led to more than double the number of conflict fatalities compared to the previous quarter according to ACLED. This led to a deterioration in the humanitarian and human rights situation, with widespread sexual violence and attacks on aid workers. This has also resulted in an increase in the number of South Sudanese refugees fleeing to neighbouring countries, pushing the total number of South Sudanese refugees to over 1 million. Severe food and nutrition insecurity has now spread beyond the conflict affected areas, with Northern and Western Bar eh Ghazal and Warrap states being of particular concern. In Ethiopia, anti-government protests by the Oromo and Amhara ethnic groups continued with reports of casualties among protesters and security forces. OHCHR has called upon the Ethiopian government to permit the deployment of independent observers into the country to access the human rights situation. In Kenya, tensions around elections to be held in August 2017, which had led to violent protests in the recent past, subsided with the decision of the Joint Parliamentary Select Committee to reform the electoral Commission.

*El Niño’s impact continued to be felt in the region despite the persistence of ENSO-neutral conditions since the end of the strong El Niño episode in May 2016. The scale and size of the drought emergency in Ethiopia, where the El Niño has had the greatest impact, still dwarfs the scale of other crises in the region in terms of the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance, now numbering 9.7 million people – a moderate decrease from 10.2 million people in June. The unprecedented humanitarian response by the Government of Ethiopia, supported by the international community, offers some lessons to establish a blue print for future action.

Economic shocks across the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region continue to primarily affect the most vulnerable and compound humanitarian needs. Last year witnessed a fall in global commodity prices (such as crude oil) and weak global growth, the effects of which are still being felt into 2016. This economic downturn has been exacerbated by the socio-political instability plaguing countries in the East Africa region, as well as by the effects of production losses due to El Niño. The IMF revised the growth projections substantially down for sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting challenging macroeconomic conditions in its largest economies, which are adjusting to lower commodity revenues. In South Sudan, the deteriorating economic situation is compounding the impact of conflict on food insecurity. The year-on-year inflation rate in August 2016 was 730 per cent; the highest in the world.

Due to the convergence of climatic, conflict, and economic shocks, the number of food insecure people in the region facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC 3 and 4) levels, has doubled in the last 12 months from 11.0 million in September 2015 to 23.4 million people today. The worst affected countries are Ethiopia (9.7 million people), South Sudan (4.79 million people), and Sudan (4.42 million people). UNICEF reports a heightened malnutrition situation in the region including an unprecedented nutrition crisis in South Sudan. Six out of the eight IGAD countries in the region (South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia (IDPs), and parts of Kenya) are on high alert for acute malnutrition. South Sudan, North West Kenya (Turkana, West and East Pokot, Tana River, Garissa, Mandera and Marsabit) and Somalia (in particular IDP sites) have continued to experience a serious nutritional deterioration, whilst in Ethiopia, high numbers of people continue to be admitted for acute malnutrition, although the nutrition situation has slightly improved due to the average to above Belgharvest.

Violence and rising food insecurity in South Sudan and Burundi has resulted in increased population displacement. As of 30 September 2016, the largest refugee outflow for the region was of 1.03 million refugees from South Sudan. The majority of new displaced have fled South Sudan since fresh violence erupted in Juba on 8 July 2016, including over 150,000 people who have crossed into Uganda since early July and approximately 32,000 South Sudanese have arrived into the Gambella region of Ethiopia in recent weeks, seeking assistance and protection. Elsewhere refugees arriving into Sudan from the Greater Bahr El Ghazal region cited severe food and nutrition insecurities as driving factors. In Northern Bahr el Ghazal one in three children aged 6-59 months are believed to be acutely malnourished. The number of Burundian refugees continued to increase exponentially to 301,403 despite reported spontaneous returns of 36,798.3 Political instability and food insecurity are being cited by the refugees as being key reasons in their decision to flee to Tanzania.

***The combination of new emergencies and resurging conflicts has increased the cumulative total number of refugees and asylum seekers in the East, Horn and Great Lakes to 3.6 million refugees, which represents a 13 per cent increase since the beginning of this year. As a result of the recent influx of South Sudanese refugees, Uganda is now the country hosting most refugees in Africa. The region also hosts 955,000 Somaliand 404,105 DR Congo refugees, who live in protracted exile with limited prospect of durable solution without commensurate support from the international community to meet their needs.

The Government of Kenya announced in May that as a result of security, environmental and economic burdens, it would close Dadaab camp, which houses over 284,000 Somalis, by 30 November 2016. This stance seemed to soften on 25 June with a statement by the Tripartite Commission, which informed of a reduction of 150,000 people in the camp by the end of 2016. Since the beginning of voluntary repatriation in 2014, almost 30,000 Somalis have returned – 24,000 of them in 2016. On 29 August however, Jubaland authorities in Somalia, announced the temporary suspension of voluntary returns due to the lack of absorption capacity for the returnees, notably in already densely populated areas, such as Kismayo.

Simultaneous disease outbreaks have affected the region in parallel with the El Niño weather events. Of greatest concern are some 63,2205 suspected cases of cholera and Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) across the region in 2016 alone, alongside other diseases, including yellow fever, measles, and chikungunya virus and kala-azar. Spikes in malaria cases have also been reported in Burundi, eastern DRC and in South Sudan, where is the top cause of morbidity in the IDPs and in the non-conflict affected states with 1.3 million cases reported this year. The impact of these outbreaks and the high risk of contagion in the region, particularly given the fluid population movements, requires appropriate interventions on key issues such as vaccination campaigns; scale-up of access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services; community sensitization including setting a cross-border coordination mechanism; and improving systems of prevention, surveillance, control and treatment of disease. A joint IGAD/UN multi-agency proposal at an estimated cost of $20 million is being finalized to address the cholera and chikungunya virus outbreaks and their risk factors in the Mandera Triangle (Mandera Kenya, Belet Haawo Somalia and Dollo Ado Ethiopia) from September 2016 to September 2018 through immediate, medium and long-term multi-sectoral approaches.

The operating environment in conflict settings continues to deteriorate, especially in South Sudan. Data made available during the reporting period indicated that, in 2015, South Sudan overtook Afghanistan as the country with the highest number of attacks against aid workers. And a new low of depravity was reached at the Terrain Hotel in Juba in July 2016. Violence against personnel and assets has had a tremendous adverse effect on humanitarian operations. In July alone as WFP and FAO warehouses were looted in Juba and several NGOs compounds were looted in Leer, causing millions of dollars worth of damage and loss. The operating environment in Somalia continues to be particularly difficult. In Ethiopia the drought response has experienced a significant slow-down as a consequence these protests. Food dispatches from Government warehouses, which have been operating at 25 per cent capacity for the past few weeks, to Amhara and Oromia were impacted. There has been a degree of normalization over the last few days.

Both the climate induced humanitarian needs and conflict induced displacement continue to be underfunded. As of 30 September, the humanitarian requirements to meet urgent humanitarian needs across the region currently stand at $6.7 billion, of which less than half (48 per cent) is funded. Despite the large numbers of refugees, the Refugee Response Plans (RRPs) are still the most poorly funded humanitarian appeals in the region. The RRPs for South Sudan, Burundi and Yemen together require nearly $1.2 billion, of which only 24 per cent has been funded. The South Sudan Refugee Plan has the lowest funding level at 20 per cent, while the Yemen RRP received 27 per cent by the end of September. The Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan 2016 is 37 per cent funded. Migration response and climate adaptation funds need to be more effectively deployed to provide durable solutions.

II. REGIONAL OUTLOOK: OCTOBER – DECEMBER 2016

Conflict in protracted settings such as Somalia, parts of Sudan, as well as South Sudan, is expected to intensify during the dry season (November onwards). Tensions related to the state formation and electoral processes in Somalia could further exacerbate pre-existing inter-communal tensions, and lead to further violence. There are also reports that AMISOM intends to launch an offensive against Al Shabaab in Lower Juba before the implementation of the electoral process which could adversely affect the civilian population and further limit humanitarian activities. The situations in Burundi and South Sudan are likely to get worse. In Burundi, the Inter-Burundi Dialogue still excludes many elements of the opposition, lessening the chances of a political resolution in the near future, and despite UN Security Council approval for the deployment of additional police officers to Burundi, the government has not accepted their deployment. In South Sudan, Riek Machar remains outside the country and excluded from power and significant defections are being reported. If the South Sudanese transitional government is unable to support the process of reconciliation it is likely that further violence may break out, causing immense suffering to the civilian population. Continued violence will also greatly impact humanitarian programming and obstruct humanitarian access to people in need with disastrous consequences for the civilian population. The UN Security Council Despite UN Security Council approval for the deployment of additional police officers to Burundi and a 4,000 strong protection force in South Sudan the respective governments have resisted these initiatives so far. Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) will be delayed till December 2018 according to the Corneille Nangaa, head of the country’s electoral body.

Tensions around the elections in DRC have already resulted in violence, according to Human Rights Watch, 37 protesters, six police officers, and one Kabila supporter were killed. This has further destabilized the Great Lakes region and resulted in additional population displacement, including across borders. In Kenya, political re-alignments ahead of 2017 elections may create new sources of tension in the country. Tensions in Ethiopia are also of great concern. On 9 October the Government of Ethiopia declared a 6-months State of Emergency.

On-going conflict and ethnically-motivated violence in the East African region continues to be characterized by the deliberate targeting and harm of civilians. Serious international humanitarian and human rights law violations are occurring on a continuous basis. With a lack of accountability mechanisms, there is a risk that alarming reports of sexual violence, such as rape, gang rape and sexual slavery in South Sudan, discovery of new mass graves in Burundi and further violence against protesters in Ethiopia will continue to emerge

The latest climate model from the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) forecasts reduced La Niña expectations, and suggest near-equal chances for neutral ENSO and weak La Niña conditions through end of 2016. IGAD ICPAC seasonal forecast has predicted normal to below normal rainfall for the period September to December 2016 in the areas historically affected by drought induced La Nina such as 2010/11 and 1988. This will mean additional drought for pastoral, agro-pastoral and seasonal cropping activities as well as flooding. The areas of concern for below average rainfall include pastoral areas of Ethiopia (South-Pastoral regions while the north-eastern pastoral areas are seasonably not expecting rainfall in the forecast period); Kenya (Eastern and Northern areas); Djibouti (northern and coastal areas); Somalia (mainly in Somaliland and Puntland); and Tanzania (northern pastoral and Mount Kilimanjaro areas). Above average rainfall is expected in the western sector which could lead to increase waterlogging, possible flooding and landslides in western parts of Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya as well as in the vast majority of South Sudan and Sudan (particularly Southern and Eastern Sudan, including Kassala, Red Sea, Kordofans and Nile States). In addition crop and animal diseases and pests, damage to infrastructure, displacement, and post-harvest losses are expected.

If La Niña were to materialize it is likely going to impact regions that have already been negatively affected by El Niño, most likely causing a further deterioration of food security into 2017. The number of people under crisis and emergency (IPC phases 3 & 4) or in need humanitarian assistance is likely to increase from the current 23.4 million people in the first half of 2017 as the rainfall season is consecutively negatively impacted particularly for the areas likely to receive normal to below normal rainfall and yet to recover from El Nino. In addition, food prices look set to continue their rise to record levels in countries that depict poor macroeconomic conditions and areas whose production will be affected by drier than normal conditions in September to December in East African countries, exacerbating food insecurity and malnutrition across the region.

Distributed by APO on behalf of Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Media files
Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Download logo

Rate this article

Author Thumbnail
Written by African Business Magazine

African Business and its award-winning team is widely respected for its editorial excellence. We provide the all important tools enabling you to maintain a critical edge in a continent that is changing the world. Our special reports profile a wide range of sectors and industries including Energy, Oil and Gas, Aviation, Agriculture to name but a few.

Related Posts

  • African Union Commission and Korean Government signs a Memorandum of Understanding on Korea’s Pledge of Level II Hospital to the African Union

    The AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, H.E. Amb. Smail Chergui and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea, H.E.Yun Byung-se signed today, on the margins of the Korea-Africa Forum, a Memorandum of Understanding on the implementation of Korea’s Pledge of Level II Hospital to the African Union Commission. Korea’s pledge was made during the 2015 UN Peacekeeping Summit. 

    The two sides agreed to deploy the Level II Hospital in the city of Gao, in Northern Mali. The Hospital will provide service to the Malian Defense Forces and to the civilian populations in the region.    

    Following the signing ceremony, Commissioner Chergui expressed the AUC deep appreciation to the Government of Korea for this important donation, which will significantly contribute towards strengthening the AU capabilities in deploying Peace Support Operations. He further indicated that the deployment of the Hospital in North Mali will contribute to the efforts of the Government of Mali and the international community in implementing the Malian Peace and Reconciliation Agreement reached in 2015 through Algiers process.  

    On his part, Korea’s Foreign Minister expressed his country’s commitment to contribute to support the efforts to bring about peace and security in the continent.

    The two counterparts also exchanged views on other issues of mutual interest and agreed to scale up cooperation and coordination in the areas of peace and security. 

    Distributed by APO on behalf of African Union Peace and Security Department.

    Media files
    African Union Peace and Security Department
    Download logo

  • UN World Data Forum gearing up for January kick-off in Cape Town; Over 100 sessions to feature innovative data solutions to improve lives

    Plans are in high gear for the inaugural United Nations World Data Forum, taking place in Cape Town, South Africa, on 15-18 January 2017.
     

    Over 1,000 data experts from more than 100 countries have pre-registered for the Forum, including from national statistical offices, data scientists from the private sector and academia, international organizations, and civil society groups, as well as political leaders and sustainable development advocates. Speakers will be posted online at UNdataforum.org as they are confirmed.
     
    The Forum, which will be held at the Cape Town International Convention Center, will be a unique opportunity for major producers and users of data and statistics to collaborate, launch new initiatives, and innovative solutions to deliver better data on health, education, income, environmental indicators and other aspects of sustainable development. In more than 100 sessions and parallel events, ranging from data labs and interactive knowledge-sharing spaces, to more traditional keynote speeches and panel discussions, all participants will have a platform to contribute their ideas.

    “I am confident that the first UN World Data Forum will generate fruitful collaboration across the statistics and data communities, and cutting edge practical solutions to current challenges,” said Mr. Wu Hongbo, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, who heads the Secretariat for the Forum. “I also hope it will boost political and financial support and partnerships for improving statistics and data capacity in many countries, to harness the power of data for the public good and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.”

    Innovative approaches
    Among many points of discussion, the Forum will feature presentations and data labs focusing on a number of innovative solutions, including:

    • How using mobile phones and online interviews can improve the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of gathering data, based on experiences in Africa and Latin America.
    • How high-res satellite images can be used to map poverty and measure soil fertility and crop yields. 
    • How call records and other sources can be used to gather better data on migration and refugees. 
    • How open data can improve the productivity of African agriculture, showcasing practical lessons learned from an 8-year public-private partnership, the Africa Soil Information Service, including ways to incorporate new technologies such as crowd-sourcing, remote sensing and drones. 
    • How involving mobile carriers, banks and social media companies in partnerships can generate new, large-scale data sources. 
    • How civil society groups are using data to talk to governments about citizens’ experiences and priorities, and how this can build accountability and change policy.

    Core issues
    Other plenary sessions and panels will focus on core issues agreed by the organizing committee, including:

    • A new look at how to harness the data revolution for sustainable development; 
    • Rethinking how to build official statistical capacity in those countries where it is needed, encouraging new commitments and collaborations; 
    • Integrating new data sources and big data innovations into existing structures, and how to facilitate data sharing and collaboration across sectors; 
    • Counting minorities and vulnerable groups and improving gender data so that we “leave no one behind” and ensure the protection of human rights; and 
    • Understanding the world through data: data visualization, literacy and journalism.

    The Forum was agreed by the UN Statistical Commission based on a recommendation by the UN Secretary-General’s Independent Expert and Advisory Group on a Data Revolution for Sustainable Development.  Improved use of data and statistics will be crucial to achieving the transformational vision of a better future for people and the planet, set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development agreed by world leaders at the UN in September 2015.  Better data is needed to track progress and inform policy decisions from the local to the global levels.  Rapid expansion in new sources of data is creating large-scale opportunities for innovative solutions, which need to be integrated with strengthened official data mechanisms and structures. 
     
    The first UN World Data Forum will be hosted by the Government of South Africa and Statistics South Africa, with support from the Statistics Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. A number of partners – including governments, the World Bank, UNICEF, and several civil society organizations and research institutes  — are collaborating to organize the Forum.
     
    For Media: Media wishing to cover the Forum should register online as participants in the Media category; there is no deadline for media to register. More information can be found at UNDataForum.org, or follow on Twitter @UNDataForum.  Plenary sessions will be livestreamed for broader access. Press briefings are being planned for Johannesburg-based media the week of 9 January, and for media in Cape Town just prior to the Forum. Details will be posted on the Forum website media page.
     

    Distributed by APO on behalf of United Nations (UN).

    Media files
    United Nations (UN)
    Download logo

  • Italy supports vital events registration in Ethiopia

    The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation funded UNICEF with a total contribution of €500,000 to strengthen the civil registration system for children’s rights to identify in two regions of Ethiopia: Oromia and SNNPR, in collaboration with the respective regional Vital Events Registration Agencies (VERAs).

    The support is crucial as it represents the preliminary condition towards the creation of a fully functional civil and vital registration system of birth, death, marriage and divorce. The funding aims to improve and standardize the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system and contribute to children’s right to identity to protect them from abuse and exploitation, as well as ensure their access to basic services.

    The support comes at a critical time in light of Ethiopia’s creation of a fully functional nationwide civil and vital registration system of birth, death, marriage and divorce in August.

    The funding aims to improve and standardize the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system and help protect children from abuse and exploitation, as well as ensure their access to basic services.

    In addition, vital events registration is an important pre-requisite for measuring equity, monitoring trends, and evaluating the impact and outcomes of broader development programmes, such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

    At the signing ceremony, the Ambassador of Italy to Ethiopia, H.E. Giuseppe Mistretta stated that “the registration of birth represents the first step towards the recognition of an individual within a society, allowing him or her to access to basic services and protect him or her from abuses and violence. Avoiding anonymity and invisibility, birth registration sets the basis for an efficient planning of the governmental policies and strategies of good governance”.

    “All our current and upcoming projects of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation in Ethiopia are aligned with the priorities and strategies set by the Government of Ethiopia. This initiative’s  objectives are also expressed by the Proclamation on Vital Events Registration and National ID (Proclamation No. 760/2012), adopted in August 2012. Coherently with the government strategy, the initiative we are signing today aims at improving the institutional and technical capacity of Regional Vital Events Registration Agency (RVERA) in Oromia and SNNPR to effectively lead and coordinate the registration of vital events” said Ms. Ginevra Letizia, Head of the Addis Ababa Office of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.  

    Ethiopia has one of lowest levels of birth registration in the world at just 7 per cent. With the new system, however, registration of vital events in Ethiopia has been modernized. From regional up to federal and city level administration, UNICEF is supporting standardisation of registration and certification services, which has been officially launched nationwide.

    “UNICEF appreciates the timely contribution from the Italian Government to count every child, and in the process, to make every child count. With proof of age and identity, we can protect every child from diverse child protection concerns including abuse, neglect and exploitation, early marriage, child labour and trafficking, and help them to access basic social services, including education and health,” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative to Ethiopia.

    About Italian Agency for Development Cooperation: the Agency promotes the eradication of poverty, the reduction of inequality, the affirmation of human rights and dignity of individuals – including gender equality and equal opportunities. It works also in the field of conflict prevention and support for peace processes. The Italian Development Cooperation has been working in Ethiopia since 1984 in the traditional sectors as health, agriculture and rural development, education, WASH, Private Sector Development and Emergency to which gender and migration were recently added. Visit us at www.itacaddis.it or follow us on Facebook and Twitter at @AICSAddisAbeba 

    About UNICEF: UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. For more information about UNICEF and its work visit: www.unicef.org. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.

    Distributed by APO on behalf of United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

    Media files
    United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
    Download logo

  • Port Elizabeth Company Does Eastern Cape Proud at The National Business Awards

    A Port Elizabeth-based company, AM Group flew the Eastern Cape flag high at the prestigious South African Premier Business Awards that took place at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg last night where it was announced joint winner of the national Small, Micro and Medium Enterprise (SMME) Award. The awards were hosted by the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti) in partnership with Brand South Africa and Proudly South African.

    The Managing Director and founder of AM Group, Mr Anda Maqanda (32), could not contain his excitement after being announced the winner of the category with a Cape Town-based enterprise, Computers 4 Kids.

    “We are more than excited because the award does not only bring joy to me as the owner of the company, but it’s a source of pride and inspiration to everyone who is part of this business. To be recognised in national awards really means that there is something good that we as a company are doing. This will give us more motivation to continue working harder and growing the business,” said an elated Maqanda.

    AM Group, an engineering business specialising in overhead power lines, solar systems, and high voltage substations was also a finalist in the Young Entrepreneur category of the awards.

    “We knew we were facing a tough competition from other companies that entered the awards from various parts of the country, but to us being finalists in the two categories was an achievement we were content with. To win one of the two was the cherry on top,” quipped Maqanda.

    He started the AM Group in 2008 at the age of 24 after quitting his job at Eskom where he worked as a project engineer. His vision to grow the business was never distracted and today the company employs 156 people.

    The Minister of Trade and Industry, Dr Rob Davies said the SMME Award acknowledged small, medium and micro business enterprises as a key enabler of economic growth and employment in South Africa.

    “The company that wins this award should have illustrated its sustainability as well as future potential to grow and create more local jobs. In all economies of the world, the small business sector is the engine of job creation and South Africa is no exception,” said Minister Davies.

    Distributed by APO on behalf of The Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa.

    Media files
    The Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa
    Download logo

  • IGAD Support to Public Administration Project to Hold Annual Review Workshop with Current Civil Service Support Officers from Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda

    A review workshop for Civil Service Support Officers (CSSOs) currently deployed across South Sudan to help support public administration, is taking place on Thursday, December 8 at Dembesh Hotel from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. This workshop will bring together the highly qualified and experienced CSSOs for an annual meeting to share experiences, successes, and challenges of the programme. The CSSOs, as well as representatives from Ministry of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development and UNDP, will be on hand to speak to media about the initiative. 

    The CSSOs come from Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda and pair with national local civil servants (or “twins”) to provide mentorship and capacity building, as part of this Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Initiative Project. The ultimate aim is to help build a professional, accountable and impartial public service in South Sudan, which is critical for stability, nation-building and state-building as part of the peace agreement. The project is funded solely by the Government of Norway.

    What: Annual Review Workshop for CSSOs of the IGAD Initiative Project

    When: Thursday, December 8 at 9:00 a.m.

    Where: Dembesh Hotel

    Who:       

    • Civil Service Support Officers participating in the IGAD Initiative Project from Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda
    • Representatives from the Ministry of Labour, Public Service & Human Resource Development
    • Representatives from UNDP

    For further information, please contact: Kymberly Bays, UNDP, kymberly.bays@undp.org and +211 954 396 893.

           

    Distributed by APO on behalf of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

    Media files
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
    Download logo

  • UN and Partners Require Us$ 2.66 Billion for Emergency Needs in Sahel

    The United Nations and non-governmental partner organizations launched today in Dakar a US$ 2.66 billion appeal for aid to provide lifesaving assistance to 15 million people across eight countries in the Sahel region.
     

    “The Sahel faces considerable challenges and will remain the site of one of the world’s major humanitarian operations in 2017,” said UN Assistant-Secretary General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator, M. Toby Lanzer. “Millions of people still live in conditions of deplorable human suffering. Their lives and livelihoods will be at stake unless the humanitarian community, governments and donors renew their engagement to assist and protect those in urgent need and help these communities become less vulnerable to shocks.”

    One in five families in the Sahel continues to be extremely vulnerable and 4.5 million people have fled from their homes. In 2017, more than 30 million people will face food insecurity, of which 12 million will urgently need aid. Malnutrition continues to reach critical levels in the region, particularly in Chad and Nigeria’s northeast, where the prevalence of global acute malnutrition is as high as 30%, which is double the emergency threshold.

    “In the four countries of the Lake Chad Basin, where the crisis is most acute, 11 million people require emergency assistance and financial needs have almost tripled since last year. Half a million severely malnourished children need our immediate help to survive. In Mali, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely worrying due to insecurity, “said Mr. Toby Lanzer.

    “In Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities, with the help of humanitarian actors, to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient, “said the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator.

    “And we must, more than ever, shift ‘from providing aid to ending needs’ because extreme vulnerability in the Sahel is the most visible symptom of the triple crisis of governance, insecurity and climate change that affects this region. The demographic explosion, which will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years, exacerbates the situation still further, “said Toby Lanzer. “UN agencies and their partners are committed to doing everything they can to respond quickly and effectively to the urgent needs of affected individuals, families and communities. And we continue to strengthen our collaboration with governments, development and stabilization actors, without whom humanitarian assistance will continue to be needed indefinitely and at an ever greater cost.”

    Distributed by APO on behalf of Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

    Media files
    Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
    Download logo

Join our mailing list

If you would like Independent, Informative and Invaluable news analysis on the African continent, delivered straight to your inbox, join our mailing list.

Help us deliver better content